KHALEEJ TIMES, Tuesday, Sep 10, 2019 | Muharram 11, 1441
IMF says VAT should be doubled to 10% in Saudi Arabia
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has suggested that the value-added
tax (VAT) should be doubled from five per cent to 10 per cent in Saudi Arabia in
consultation with the other Gulf countries.
Analysts expect the hike in VAT rate will come only after 2021 once Kuwait and
Oman will also be ready to implement it and as a customs union, the increase
makes sense across the GCC countries.
"The introduction of the VAT in January 2018 was a landmark achievement, with
revenue collections exceeding expectations. The reduction in the registration
threshold at the beginning of 2019 has also gone smoothly. Staff suggested that
consideration be given to raising the VAT rate from 5 to 10 percent, in
consultation with the GCC," IMF said in a report prepared its staff after
consultation with the authorities in the Kingdom.
The UAE and Saudi Arabia introduced the five per cent value-added tax from
January 2018 with both the countries surpassing their tax collection targets.
Thaddeus Best, an analyst at Moody's Sovereign Risk Group, said as a customs
union, it is logical that GCC countries would seek to keep their VAT rates
harmonised in order to prevent tax arbitrage opportunities emerging within the
"However, as the hesitant implementation of five per cent VAT across the GCC
since 2018 shows, there is some scope for VAT differentials to be tolerated, so
long as they are relatively small and temporary, as it is currently the case in
the GCC with only three out the six countries having implemented the measure so
far. Nevertheless, we think it is unlikely that Saudi Arabia, the UAE and
Bahrain would raise VAT rates further until the remaining GCC sovereigns have
finalised their VAT frameworks," Best told Khaleej Times.
"We don't expect Kuwait and Oman will be ready to implement VAT until 2021 at
the earliest, the earliest opportunities for any further increases to the VAT
rate are likely to fall after that date. The only other catalyst we see for
bringing forward any increases would be if oil prices decline sharply from
current levels, although this is not our baseline view," he said.
The Kingdom's non-oil revenues last year increased by 59 per cent, buoyed by the
VAT, excises, expatriate levy, and proceeds from the settlement agreements. IMF
estimated that VAT rate increase will add 2.0 per cent to the Kingdom's GDP in